BitcoinGirl.com : Bitcoin news and Domain names for sale

Providing Bitcoin-related news and Bitcoin domains for sale.

Please go to Buy This Domain to purchase these domain names:

BitcoinDeal.com, BitcoinCommerce.com, BitcoinGuns.com, BitcoinRetail.com, BitcoinRetailers.com, BitcoinSale.com, BitcoinSales.com, BitcoinTicket.com, BitcoinSellers.com, BinaryCoin.com, Bitcoin8.com, Bitcoin9.com, Bitcoinate.com, Bitcoing.com, Bitcoinize.com, Bitcoink.com, BitcoinU.com, Bitcoin4U.com, BitcoinUs.com, MegaBitcoin.com, OrBitcoin.com, Podcoin.com, CuBitcoin.com, Ramcoin.com, Pubcoin.com, Simcoin.com, TiBitcoin.com, Bitcoint.com, GigaBitcoin.com, SuperBitcoin.com, WeBitcoin.com, Bitcoin2Gold.com, Bitcoin2Silver.com, Bitcoin4Silver.com, silver2Bitcoin.com, silver4Bitcoin.com, silverBitcoin.com, BitcoinAccount.com, BitcoinAudit.com, BitcoinAuditor.com, BitcoinAudits.com, BitcoinBug.com, BitcoinBuyers.com, BitcoinCharge.com, BitcoinCheap.com, BitcoinClear.com, BitcoinCents.com, BitcoinDealers.com, BitcoinDimes.com, BitcoinHaven.com, BitcoinHedge.com, BitcoinLenders.com, BitcoinPip.com, BitcoinPledge.com, BitcoinRates.com, BitcoinSave.com, BitcoinSavers.com, BitcoinSavings.com, BitcoinSell.com, BitcoinSpread.com, BitcoinSwaps.com, BitcoinTicker.com, BitcoinTrend.com, BitcoinTrends.com, BitcoinWire.com, btcBanking.com, btcFund.com, btcTrades.com, cashBitcoin.com, CheapBitcoin.com, CheapBitcoins.com, clearBitcoin.com, deBitcoin.com, escrowBitcoin.com, escrowcoin.com, forexBitcoin.com, gold2Bitcoin.com, sendBitcoin.com, Bitcoinsure.com, Bitcoins4free.com, BitcoinBot.com, BitcoinBots.com, BitcoIntel.com, BitcoinCoder.com, BitcoinCoders.com, BitcoinDesk.com, BitcoinDev.com, BitcoinDns.com, BitcoinEmail.com, Bitcoinet.com, BitcoinHack.com, BitcoinHacks.com, BitcoinKeys.com, BitcoinLib.com, BitcoinLog.com, BitcoinLogin.com, BitcoinLogs.com, BitcoinPlugin.com, BitcoinServer.com, BitcoinSniffer.com, BitcoinTool.com, BitcoinTools.com, BitcoinAssist.com, BitcoinBackup.com, BitcoinCop.com, BitcoinCrypt.com, BitcoinConnect.com, BitcoinDonate.com, BitcoinDrop.com, BitcoinExperts.com, BitcoInform.com, BitcoinGuard.com, Bitcoinnect.com, BitcoinValet.com, BitcoinPolice.com, BitcoinCorp.com, BitcoinLaw.com, BitcoinMaker.com, BitcoinPad.com, BitcoinSearch.com, BitcoinService.com, BitcoinSpy.com, BitcoinStealth.com, BitcoinStorage.com, BitcoinStudy.com, BitcoinTest.com, remoteBitcoin.com, saferBitcoin.com, safercoin.com, fastBitcoin.com, BitcoinTrace.com, BitcoinTrack.com, quickBitcoin.com, simpleBitcoin.com, work4Bitcoin.com, Bitcointer.com, Bitcoinote.com, BitcoinLock.com, SatoshiNakamoto.com, BitcoinBlocks.com, BitcoinMill.com, Bitcoinomics.com, Bitcoinomy.com, Bitcoinism.com, Bitcoinist.com, BitcoinBetters.com, BitcoinUp.com, BingoBitcoin.com, BitcoinBidding.com, BitcoinBooker.com, BitcoinBookie.com, BitcoinBookies.com, BitcoinBookmaker.com, BitcoinCasinos.com, BitcoinGambler.com, BitcoinGamblers.com, BitcoinHall.com, BitcoinJoker.com, BitcoinLand.com, BitcoinPlace.com, BitcoinPlay.com, BitcoinPlayer.com, BitcoinPlayers.com, BitcoinPlays.com, BitcoinPrize.com, BitcoinWager.com, BitcoinWin.com, casinoBitcoin.com, BitcoinCity.com, pokerBitcoin.com, winBitcoins.com, BitcoinBrothel.com, BitcoinElite.com, BitcoinGirl.com, BitcoinGirls.com, BitcoinLadies.com, BitcoinVIP.com, BitcoinWomen.com, escortBitcoin.com, escortsBitcoin.com, MissBitcoin.com, BitcoinBook.com, BitcoinFan.com, BitcoinMag.com, BitcoinStudio.com, BitcoinMovie.com, BitcoinArmy.com, BitcoinChurch.com, BitcoinDown.com, BitcoinLight.com, BitcoinParties.com, BitcoinWars.com, BitcoinWave.com, HexCoin.com,

What is Bitcoin?

Bitcoin is a digital crypto-currency with no single point of failure due to its decentralized peer-to-peer architecture. The source code is publicly available and changes to the reference Bitcoin client are made via concensus within the community. Advantages of Bitcoin include irreversible transactions (i.e. no possibility of chargebacks as with credit cards), pseudo-anonymous, limited and fixed inflation, near instant transactions, multi-platform, no double-spend and little to no barriers to entry and more. It was created by an anonymous person known as Satoshi Nakamoto. Find out more at WeUseCoins.com.

Bitcoin Latest News

This RSS feed URL is deprecated

This RSS feed URL is deprecated, please update. New URLs can be found in the footers at https://news.google.com/news

Posted on 23 November 2017 | 4:34 pm

Don't Ban Bitcoin - Russian Banker - Cointelegraph (Bitcoin, Cryptocurrency and Blockchain News)


Cointelegraph (Bitcoin, Cryptocurrency and Blockchain News)

Don't Ban Bitcoin - Russian Banker
Cointelegraph (Bitcoin, Cryptocurrency and Blockchain News)
Bitcoin and various altcoins have endured turbulent times in Russia as the government continually changes its stance on cryptocurrencies. Last month, Russia announced that it would be issuing its very own cryptocurrency which would be regulated by its ...
Thanksgiving Lull? Bitcoin Trades Sideways But Rally May ContinueCoinDesk
Wall Street strategist Tom Lee raises bitcoin forecast, now predicts 40% riseCNBC
Bitcoin Price Steady as Bitcoin Cash and Ethereum ClimbInvestopedia (blog)
Bloomberg -Business Insider -Bitcoin News (press release)
all 101 news articles »

Posted on 23 November 2017 | 11:54 am

$413: Ether Prices Within a Whisker of All-Time High

The price of ether, ethereum's native token, has brushed all-time highs above $400 – falling just a dollar short of June's record.

Posted on 23 November 2017 | 8:32 am

Air New Zealand, Winding Tree Team Up for Blockchain Exploration

Air New Zealand is partnering with decentralized travel platform Winding Tree to explore blockchain tech for ticket booking and baggage tracking.

Posted on 23 November 2017 | 8:00 am

The Bitcoin bubble will burst. It's time for a 'Bitpound' - Telegraph.co.uk


Telegraph.co.uk

The Bitcoin bubble will burst. It's time for a 'Bitpound'
Telegraph.co.uk
The relentless rise of Bitcoin - a digital currency that can be used to store and save money privately, without the need for banks or names - has defied all expectations. Some have even wondered if the financial experts who have called it 'a fraud ...

Posted on 23 November 2017 | 7:44 am

Deutsche Bank Joins Bitcoin Bashing Brigade - Cointelegraph (Bitcoin, Cryptocurrency and Blockchain News)


Cointelegraph (Bitcoin, Cryptocurrency and Blockchain News)

Deutsche Bank Joins Bitcoin Bashing Brigade
Cointelegraph (Bitcoin, Cryptocurrency and Blockchain News)
In a voice that is all too familiar for Bitcoiners, another major lending institution has warned against everyday investors putting their money into Bitcoin. This time it is Deutsche Bank and their Chief Strategist Ulrich Stephan. The tirade against ...

and more »

Posted on 23 November 2017 | 6:43 am

UC Berkeley, KyberNetwork Partner for Decentralized Exchange Research

KyberNetwork is teaming up with a University of California blockchain group for research on ways to improve the decentralized exchange model.

Posted on 23 November 2017 | 6:30 am

South Korean Finance Watchdog Has 'No Plans' to Regulate Bitcoin ... - CoinDesk


CoinDesk

South Korean Finance Watchdog Has 'No Plans' to Regulate Bitcoin ...
CoinDesk
The governor of a South Korean financial regulator has said it has "no plans" to supervise bitcoin trading, according to a report. In remarks made to reporters ...

and more »

Posted on 23 November 2017 | 5:49 am

South Korean Finance Watchdog Has 'No Plans' to Regulate Bitcoin Trading

The governor of a South Korean financial regulator has said it has "no plans" to supervise cryptocurrency trading.

Posted on 23 November 2017 | 5:40 am

Thanksgiving Lull? Bitcoin Trades Sideways But Rally May Continue

Bitcoin is continuing its sideways journey today, with a pullback looking possible. However, the broader outlook still remains bullish

Posted on 23 November 2017 | 5:00 am

Bitcoin Breaks Through $8000: Is It Still Time To Buy? - Seeking Alpha


Business Insider

Bitcoin Breaks Through $8000: Is It Still Time To Buy?
Seeking Alpha
Bitcoin (OTCQX:GBTC) keeps soaring to new highs despite claims from a range of prominent investors that it is in a massive bubble. The ground-breaking digital currency recently broke through the important $8,000 barrier to be trading $8,171.55 at the ...
JPMorgan might be getting into bitcoin even though Jamie Dimon hates itBusiness Insider
Bitcoin's growing on Jamie DimonCrain's Chicago Business
Bitcoin drawing some of the world's fastest tradersLivemint

all 28 news articles »

Posted on 23 November 2017 | 4:30 am

Bitcoin Gold Wallet Scam Nets $3 Million in Illicit Earnings - CoinDesk


CoinDesk

Bitcoin Gold Wallet Scam Nets $3 Million in Illicit Earnings
CoinDesk
More than $3.3 million has been stolen as part of an elaborate scam that took advantage of bitcoin users seeking to claim their share of the newly created cryptocurrency bitcoin gold. Perpetrated by the operators of a website called mybtgwallet.com ...

and more »

Posted on 23 November 2017 | 4:07 am

US Defense Bill Could Give Big Boost to Blockchain

An obscure provision tucked into a U.S. defense spending bill could act as a springboard for blockchain adoption across government agencies.

Posted on 23 November 2017 | 4:00 am

5 Tips for New Bitcoin Investors - Cointelegraph (Bitcoin, Cryptocurrency and Blockchain News)


Cointelegraph (Bitcoin, Cryptocurrency and Blockchain News)

5 Tips for New Bitcoin Investors
Cointelegraph (Bitcoin, Cryptocurrency and Blockchain News)
There is no centralized authority to hold your hand, and the rumors and stories circulating around digital currencies can be fear-inducing. However, with a few straightforward tips, negotiating that first Bitcoin transaction or trade can be a lot less ...

and more »

Posted on 23 November 2017 | 3:30 am

Austrian Bank Raiffeisen Enlists in R3 Blockchain Consortium

Raiffeisen Bank International (RBI) has become the first Austrian banking group to join the R3 distributed ledger consortium.

Posted on 23 November 2017 | 3:00 am

Nasdaq to Build Blockchain Voting System for Securities Depository Strate

Nasdaq has entered into an agreement with South African central securities depository Strate to deliver a blockchain solution for e-voting.

Posted on 23 November 2017 | 2:20 am

Baseball Great Jose Canseco Predicts $10,000 Bitcoin By 2018

Former Major League Baseball star Jose Canseco is apparently a big believer in blockchain and cryptocurrencies.

Posted on 22 November 2017 | 12:05 pm

Asset Manager Launches Europe's First Bitcoin Mutual Fund

A French asset manager has announced the launch of Europe's first mutual fund centered around bitcoin.

Posted on 22 November 2017 | 11:05 am

Standard Chartered, Axis Launch Payments Service With Ripple Tech

Standard Chartered and Axis Bank have announced a new cross-border payments platform built on top of technology developed by Ripple.

Posted on 22 November 2017 | 10:00 am

Bitcoin Is 'Not Actually Legal,' Says Zimbabwe Central Bank Chief

The Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe (RBZ) has cast doubt on the legality of bitcoin in the country.

Posted on 22 November 2017 | 8:45 am

Central Bank of Malaysia Plans Cryptocurrency Reporting Rules

The governor of Malaysia's central bank has provided more detail on upcoming regulations aimed to counter the illicit uses of cryptocurrencies.

Posted on 22 November 2017 | 7:00 am

Mike Novogratz Doubles Down on $10,000 Bitcoin

Billionaire Mike Novogratz has restated his belief that bitcoin will end the year at $10,000, while ethereum could hit $500.

Posted on 22 November 2017 | 5:25 am

Bitcoin Leaves Two Tech Giants In Its Dust - Bloomberg


Bloomberg

Bitcoin Leaves Two Tech Giants In Its Dust
Bloomberg
AMD and NVIDIA shares have done better than their peers in recent years, in part because of their usefulness to the crypto crowd, but their stock didn't react much to the latest Bitcoin highs. For Bitcoin at least, it seems the only way for an ...

and more »

Posted on 22 November 2017 | 4:51 am

Who Needs a CSD? Nivaura to Issue First Regulated Ether Bond

Blockchain startup Nivaura will today initiate its first bond denominated in ether. And, notably, the issuance will be conducted on a blockchain.

Posted on 22 November 2017 | 3:00 am

Warning Signs About Another Giant Bitcoin Exchange - New York Times


New York Times

Warning Signs About Another Giant Bitcoin Exchange
New York Times
But if you want to see where the price of Bitcoin is actually determined in round-the-clock bidding, you have to go to a number of unregulated exchanges that often fly in the face of American and European laws. These days, no exchange is bigger than ...
A Hacker Warning for BitcoinBloomberg
Tether, a startup that works with bitcoin exchanges, claims a hacker stole $31MTechCrunch
Untethered? Bitcoin Shrugs Off Hack to Push Above $8000CoinDesk
CNBC -Fortune -Quartz -Bloomberg
all 107 news articles »

Posted on 21 November 2017 | 4:56 pm

Zen Protocol’s Mission for Decentralized Finance

Zen Thumb New

In Eastern traditions, Zen is often defined as a total state of focus, a merging together of body and mind. It involves dropping illusions and seeing things as they are in the present moment.

Based in Tel Aviv, Zen Protocol recognizes that starting in the “here and now” is vital to innovation and progress. Its mission? To create a platform that allows anyone in the world find and use financial products in a highly secure manner.

Zen Protocol’s eclectic team of developers and crypto veterans aims to assist Bitcoin in sustaining its dominance while allowing it to capitalize on advancements that boost adoption. In pursuing this quest, the company has made liberal use of beta testers — a move that runs counter to the prevailing approach in much of the world of blockchain technology, where projects all too often hastily toss up a website and white paper before demonstrating a viable product.

At Zen, 2017 has been about erecting a new blockchain to fuel a marketplace that allows bitcoin holders to issue, trade and invest in stock options, futures, digital currencies, exchange-traded funds, exotic derivatives, contracts for difference and other financial instruments.

This project is predicated on the Zen blockchain functioning in parallel with Bitcoin in what is typically known as a “sidechain.” This opens up a bevy of opportunities for Zen to curate its platform, independent of any changes to the Bitcoin protocol while simultaneously being able to integrate its own set of modifications to fuel its innovative process.

The primary value proposition of the platform involves the facilitation of complex financial agreements through the use of smart contracts. This can be seen as a major breakthrough given that Bitcoin doesn’t natively support smart contracts — a major reason why the majority of blockchain app projects are launching on Ethereum instead.

Through the creation of this sidechain-style model, Zen is able to pay Bitcoin miners for executing contracts without creating a competitive scenario with Bitcoin for computational resources. Zen, therefore, sees itself as a complementary solution for Bitcoin which helps it scale and offload some of the transactional demand from the Bitcoin chain, which often struggles with high transaction costs and sluggish transactions.

A Viable Alternative to Ethereum? 

Through the strategic execution of its ambitious roadmap, Zen aims to usher in a new era for smart contracts using the Bitcoin blockchain — a space where Ethereum has, to date, shown a dominant presence.

On Ethereum, all smart contracts, in order to execute, need to use what is known as “gas.” When this vital resource is depleted, contracts may stop before they finish executing — a frequent source of frustration for both users and developers.

Zen’s smart contracts, on the other hand, always execute without stoppage, never utilizing more resources than required, thereby eliminating the need for gas entirely. Further, Zen lets miners check the computational resources needed for a contract before running it, allowing for more rapid contract execution than on Ethereum.

The Zen team is also making headway in how smart contracts engage with the real world. One major sticking point with the current iteration of smart contracts is that they exist in a walled garden on the blockchain. This prevents them from capturing external data on their own. External data feeds, known as “oracles,” are key to assessing the outcome of real-world events and to resolving any disagreements that may surface. 

By way of example, say a person wants to pay for auto insurance for a long-distance trip from Point A to Point B. A smart contract can set up for that date, with the projected mileage and other key information. Then one or more oracles could be set up to facilitate the exchange of information to the smart contracts with any payout predicated on any agreed upon conditions (such as a qualifying accident) being met. Zen’s oracles can run at a profit, without taking up too much space on the blockchain.

Token Sale and Next Steps

As a critical next step in its progression, Zen Protocol recently announced that its highly anticipated token sale will commence on November 30, 2017. This token is required to switch on smart contracts in the system, but participants can make transactions and use contracts with their bitcoins or other assets, without using any additional tokens. One advantage of Zen’s contract system is that the assets which contracts make don’t need the “native” Zen token to spend or send to other participants.

“At the end of the day, we believe that people have a right to own their financial assets, and we feel a responsibility to provide people with the necessary tools to empower themselves,” said Adam Perlow, CEO of Zen Protocol.

Zen_01 (1).png

Zen 02 New

Zen_03 (2).png

Zen_04 (1).png

Zen_05 (2).png

Zen_06 (1).png

The post Zen Protocol’s Mission for Decentralized Finance appeared first on Bitcoin Magazine.

Posted on 21 November 2017 | 12:46 pm

NAGA Flourishes at the Epicenter of Blockchain’s Digital Disruption

NAGA Thumb

Blockchain technology’s disruptive force in business and commerce has been well documented. With strong momentum ensuing from its beginnings as the foundational technology supporting Bitcoin, distributed ledger technology shows great promise in terms of its potential impact on the future of our planet. 

One emerging enterprise at the nexus of these developments is The NAGA Group AG, a German fintech company. NAGA’s strategic aim is to create world-class mobile and web applications for the capital markets and gaming sectors, along with cutting edge, blockchain-based solutions.

Listed on the Frankfurt Stock Exchange as one of Europe’s fastest growing fintech firms, with six offices operating in five countries, NAGA’s successful IPO in July 2017 sparked a share price increase of 500 percent within less than three months.

Indicative of its strong advancement as a curator of cutting-edge concepts and business ideas, NAGA is backed by a number of high profile shareholders, including the Chinese Fosun Group and Hauck & Aufhäuser (one of Europe’s oldest banks founded in 1796).

“We Don't Copy, We Disrupt” is a key theme undergirding NAGA’s roadmap of progress. Employing a highly data-driven approach, it aims to reimagine the prevailing banking sector model through innovative, transparent and simplistic mobile-first concepts. All product development and design efforts target international expansion and a global marketing solutions.

New Collaborations, NAGA’s Acceleration Forward

NAGA’s foundational ecosystem is based on SwipeStox, an existing iOS and Android app and online trading platform that functions as a social network for traders. Operational since early 2015, this network is utilized by hundreds of thousands of registered users, facilitating over 200,000 monthly transactions at the tune of more than $4 billion.

Signaling its next significant breakthrough, NAGA Group and Deutsche Börse formed a joint venture called Switex in December 2016. This venture merges the financial trading world with the gaming world, allowing users to trade in-game merchandise. Currently under development, Switex is scheduled to launch in beta form in Q1 of 2018.

NAGA is also scheduled to launch a digital wallet that will align both platforms noted above. This will allow tokens to be stored so that individuals can use them for SwipeStox, Switex and other forthcoming projects such as the NAGA Trading Academy.

This tool will also provide a mechanism for the conversion of blockchain assets such as bitcoin, ether, litecoin and others. Moreover, NAGA plans to launch a debit card which will support users in their desire to spend cryptocurrencies both online and offline.

Prominent Figures

The NAGA Group AG was recently buoyed by the announcement that Roger Ver and Mate Tokay, Bitcoin.com’s CEO and COO respectively, had joined the company’s team of advisors.

Through the influence of these two cryptocurrency leaders, the company hopes to fuel the next iteration of barrier-free investing into stocks or virtual goods through its forthcoming proprietary token, NAGA Coin.

As arguably Bitcoin’s first angel investor, having funded the seed rounds for a majority of the entire first generation of Bitcoin-related businesses, including the Bitcoin Foundation, Bitpay, Blockchain.info, Ripple and Kraken, Ver is considered a prominent voice and strong advocate for Bitcoin adoption around the world. His philosophy and ideology of libertarianism and “voluntarism” align pretty succinctly with those espoused by NAGA.

Ver holds the view that every person on the planet has the right to freedom of choice, voluntary association and self-governance. This assertion aligns well with NAGA’s aim to build a supportive ecosystem which will allow underbanked individuals throughout the world to participate in financial and crypto markets. This opportunity for involvement in the world of trading and investing is seen as a critical step to fostering financial independence and free lifestyles.

Ver’s colleague, Tokay, is also an active and vocal proponent of Bitcoin. Having cut his teeth as a Bitcoin miner in 2013, Tokay continues to stay abreast of emerging crypto trends as part of his involvement with several successful blockchain-related projects.

“I am thrilled to join the NAGA token sale as an advisor; they already have a working product that will allow millions of unbanked people to trade on the crypto markets and with that giving them the opportunity to reach financial freedom,” Tokay said.

Dovetailing off of this news was the decision to add Bitcoin Cash (BCH) to the list of accepted cryptocurrencies for NAGA’s upcoming token sale.

“We consider BCH to represent the future of cryptocurrencies because of its small transaction cost and other benefits,” said NAGA founder Benjamin Bilski. “Thus, we believe that it will reduce the barriers for our potential investors and future customers to become a part of our ecosystem.”

Igniting the Next Frontier

With the ultimate vision to establish a cryptocurrency that allows anyone to invest and trade easily and securely, NAGA will launch a token pre-sale on November 20, 2017. The Naga Development Association Ltd. will partner with the NAGA Group to introduce the ERC20-based token, NAGA Coin (NGC), a decentralized currency unit with the purpose of bringing together all of the platforms the NAGA network through its own proprietary NAGA Wallet.

During the pre-sale, 20 million NGC tokens will be available with a 30 percent sale bonus. The main sale will then commence on December 1, 2017, and last until December 15, 2017. The maximum cap in tokens for the main sale is 200 million.

Learn more by visiting NAGA’s website as well as joining its Telegram chat. 

The post NAGA Flourishes at the Epicenter of Blockchain’s Digital Disruption appeared first on Bitcoin Magazine.

Posted on 21 November 2017 | 9:37 am

Op Ed: “We Never Thought of That” — When Venture-Backed Companies Undertake Reverse ICOs

Op Ed: “We Never Thought of That” When Venture-Backed Companies Undertake Reverse ICOs

With well over $3 billion raised this year alone, in very little time initial coin offerings (ICOs) have emerged as a major source of venture finance. Even companies that have already raised conventional venture funding will be tempted to raise additional funds through ICOs. Although not fully intuitive, some have labeled token issuances by entities that previously obtained equity financing as “Reverse ICOs.”

One prominent example of a Reverse ICO has already occurred. Recently, Kik Interactive successfully completed an ICO of nearly $100 million. With over $3 billion raised in ICOs this year alone, ICOs are not unsubstantial. What made the Kik offering far more unusual is that Kik has already raised over $100 million from venture investors.

The standard documents used for angel and venture investing predate the current ICO craze and, not surprisingly, do not expressly address ICOs. Understandably, these documents are all “share-centric.” The question that needs to be addressed, therefore, is: What rights, if any, do existing investors have when their company elects to undertake an ICO?

What makes the analysis particularly difficult is that, broadly speaking, there are three types of ICOs:

  • Equity Tokens — these tokens are essentially digital shares with the issuer specifying equity participation, voting rights and other token/shareholder rights.

  • Non-Equity Security Tokens — these tokens do not grant equity rights but under the Howey test are nonetheless classified as securities.

  • Utility Tokens — these tokens allow the purchaser to buy products or services from the issuer.

Although not the subject of this article, the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) has issued initial guidance with respect to the securities law status of tokens issued in ICOs. The SEC’s Chief Accountant has also put out guidance detailing some of the accounting issues raised by ICOs.

This article will identify several issues raised by ICOs under commonly used SAFE, Convertible Note, Series Seed and Series A documents.

Why Existing Investors Might Object to Reverse ICOs

On the surface, Reverse ICOs would seem to be a net positive for existing investors. Except for equity tokens, ICOs provide non-dilutive financing to companies. Even when tokens are classified as securities, they generally are not issued as equity  —purchasers do not have a share in the issuer, do not receive dividends and do not get voting rights. However, there are several reasons why existing investors might be concerned:

Multiple “Plays” on the Same Company

After a Reverse ICO, a venture-backed company will have both tokens and equity in the hands of investors. Prior to the ICO, the only way an investor could invest in the company was by buying its stock. After the ICO, the investor would have a choice of buying the stock or buying tokens.

At least in the current environment, there is reason to believe that demand for tokens will be greater and drive up relative prices for tokens. Equity holders may find reduced demand for their equity. Further, if the tokens remain outstanding at the time of an exit, it is difficult to predict the impact of outstanding token pools on exit valuations in either an acquisition or IPO scenario.

Impact on Follow-On Venture Funding

Many venture funds make relatively small initial investments, anticipating that they will deploy significantly more capital in subsequent rounds. ICOs may reduce companies’ needs for future equity raises. As a result, venture funds may have reduced opportunities for follow-on funding.

Delay or Elimination of Conversion Events

For holders of Convertible Notes and SAFEs, under most currently used form documents, ICOs typically will not be considered an event that triggers a conversion. In some cases, ICOs may also delay or even eliminate subsequent equity financings. Further, in successful companies, ICOs often will raise the pre-money valuation at which conversion occurs, thereby diluting SAFE/Note holders (although conversion caps in many of these instruments may mitigate the impact).

Avoiding Pre-Emptive Rights

Under the current agreement forms, tokens sold in an ICO would not trigger the pre-emptive rights of existing shareholders — thereby denying them an automatic right of participation in the ICO.

Absence of Transfer Restrictions

Under the current agreement forms, tokens sold in an ICO would not be subject to the rights of first refusal, co-sale rights and the transfer restrictions typically applicable to shareholders in venture-backed companies.

ICOs Do Not Trigger Other Typical Preferred Shareholder Provisions
  • Anti-Dilution Protection. If a company underprices its tokens, its impact on valuation could be similar to a “down round.” However, unless tokens are issued as equity, they would not trigger the anti-dilution protection clauses in the standard forms.

  • Liquidation Preferences. If token holders are given equity participation in an issuer, the issuing documentation will need to specify where they stand in the liquidation stack. For utility tokens, if the claim against the company is viewed as contractual (i.e., the holders of a pre-payment for products/services), token holders may be unsecured creditors instead of shareholders — in which case they would rank ahead of all equity classes.

  • Mandatory Conversion of Preferred Shares. Venture documents typically provide for mandatory conversion of preferred shares in an IPO of a specified minimum amount raised and minimum share price or approval by what is typically a supermajority of preferred shareholders. Several ICOs have raised in excess of $100 million. If these companies go public, it is possible that some may not need additional funding and may do so without a public offering of additional shares (i.e., a direct offering). However, if not all shareholders agree with the decision to go public, the mandatory conversion provision could not be utilized unless approved by a supermajority of the preferred shareholders, which in some circumstances could impede the ability of an IPO to proceed.

Impact on Future Cash Flow

Many ICO issuers are positioning their tokens as “utility tokens” that can be used in the future to buy the issuer’s product or service. As a result, these tokens constitute pre-pays for the future delivery of goods and services. In the future, when the products/services need to be delivered, the venture may experience cash flow issues because no new funds will be coming in to pay for the product or service.

Impact of Regulatory, Tax and Accounting Uncertainty

Currently, the regulatory status of ICOs is unclear. Issuance of tokens in a manner that does not comply with the eventual regulations that emerge could create liabilities for the company and/or limit its ability to issue equity in the future. In addition, the accounting and tax rules for ICOs have not been established, and as a result, there may be ambiguity with respect to several representations and warranties the company typically will need to make in future financings and liquidity events.

Fiduciary Uncertainty

Officers and directors of companies have fiduciary obligations to maximize shareholder value. When companies are insolvent, these duties shift to protection of the interests of creditors. What, if any, fiduciary duties a board has with respect to token holders has not been explored. If a company is facing a decision that would benefit shareholders at a cost to token holders, do board members have any fiduciary obligation to the token holders? Investor representatives on boards of companies that have conducted Reverse ICOs will not only have to deal with uncertainty but also potential conflicts of interest if they have not participated in the Reverse ICO.

Can Investors Prevent a Company from Undertaking an ICO?

While it is difficult to believe that a company would undertake an ICO without board approval, in many early-stage companies, investors do not have control of the board. However, commonly used investment documents may leave shareholders with limited recourse where boards back an ICO. In general, in SAFEs and Convertible Notes, holders do not have protective rights and, as a result, they do not have the ability to prevent an ICO.

The protective provisions in the Certificate of Incorporation for Series Seed financings would not provide Series Seed holders with the ability to prevent an ICO. In the NVCA Series A documents, ICOs do not easily fit into any of the matters for which the investor director’s approval is required. The same applies to the protective provisions for the benefit of preferred shareholders detailed in the Certificate of Incorporation.

What Now?

For blockchain startups, ICOs have become the dominant form of fundraising — far exceeding venture capital financing. Given the strength of the ICO market, “Reverse ICOs” are likely to become even more pervasive. For investors this could be very challenging. Existing form agreements in the venture space are likely to be revised to address the possibility of Reverse ICOs. However, the regulatory, tax and accounting uncertainties around ICOs may not be quickly resolved, leaving uncertainty around some of the concerns raised in this article.

Revising the form agreements will not address the thousands of venture-backed companies that were financed using pre-ICO forms. For existing investors the path forward is more difficult. Where investors control the board or have blocking rights, they will have the ability to prevent ICOs or influence their terms. For other investors, particularly in early-stage ventures with founder-dominated boards, ICOs have the potential to overturn several assumptions under which early investors funded. These investors may have to wait for situations in which their approval is needed for unrelated corporate actions or their funding is necessary and leverage that position to insist upon amendments to existing investment documents to address some of the investor challenges resulting from Reverse ICOs.

This is a guest post by Dror Futter. Views expressed are his own and do not necessarily reflect those of BTC Media or Bitcoin Magazine.

The post Op Ed: “We Never Thought of That” — When Venture-Backed Companies Undertake Reverse ICOs appeared first on Bitcoin Magazine.

Posted on 20 November 2017 | 3:25 pm

Rublix Is Reimagining Crypto Trading

RBLX thumb


The soaring fortunes of bitcoin and cryptocurrencies is attracting massive amounts of media attention worldwide. This has led to a steady stream of traders flocking to the space amid record prices and subsequent asset returns.

In some circles, this exuberance has to raise concerns about a bubble akin to the great global recession of 2008. On a weekly basis, a seemingly endless stream of new crypto projects, many predicated on little more than a hastily developed white paper and website, are being launched and creating a crowded array of options for would-be traders.

Enter Rublix, a Canadian blockchain and smart contract technology startup that aims to eliminate many of the common concerns and uncertainties arising in the prevailing world of decentralized markets or speculative asset classes. Charting a course of transparency, while nurturing a world-class ecosystem of problem solvers and supporters, Rublix endeavors to create a new normal for trading performance among cryptocurrencies or any asset class. Bolstered by highly astute technology and investment experts, Rublix is actively unveiling a suite of products tied to an ambitious roadmap with a series of launch dates.

The Rublix platforms are being developed in collaboration with some of the top designers and coders in the world and the team is seeking to attract professionals in the finance space who desire to actively participate in the world of decentralized markets. Its target market? Traders of any sophistication level in any industry including people who believe that cryptocurrencies and the blockchain have barely scratched the surface in terms of its growth potential.

Hedge

Rublix’s flagship product is called Hedge, a platform which assists those who are interested in, yet unacquainted with, trading in making thoughtful, informed and educated decisions. Users will have the ability to track and mimic trades made by sophisticated investors on the platform with a verified ranking. The more accurate a trader, the higher their corresponding rank. The platform features an advanced block explorer that displays and records real-time trading predictions on the Rublix chain. The result is that novice traders will be able to rapidly assess and learn from more experienced counterparts with proven track records.

“The problem with many trading platforms that allow entry level traders to follow ‘successful traders’ is that they employ a month-by-month portfolio model,” said Rublix co-founder and CEO David Waslen. “Unfortunately, portfolio growth is only one piece of the puzzle when analyzing performance. A twenty percent increase in one’s portfolio is not an accurate measure as to whether a trader is highly skilled or not. Perhaps they got lucky with one trade while the balance of their portfolio is mediocre or poor.”

The goal of Rublix, Waslen added, is to change this dynamic.

“Rublix, therefore, aims to expose each trading prediction both before and after the event to increase transparency and accountability,” he said. “By making each blueprint public information with blockchain immutability, we give users a secure tool that will aid in making calculated decisions on which information to trust the we hope will help them enter the cryptocurrency space and successfully trade.”

Cryptocurrencies, with prevailing volatility in a marketplace that never closes, provide an abundance of opportunities for any trader. What is needed is a trusted source of advice to help professional and novice traders develop their knowledge base and hone their skills. That is why through integration with three inherent components of blockchain technology - transparency, decentralization, and immutability - Rublix’s Hedge platform debunks market manipulation while providing a trusted source of trader information.

“The blockchain aids in keeping our data secure and unsusceptible to intrusion or manipulation,” Waslen said. “It’s obviously a foundational element in helping us create a reliable, unbiased data source that will allow users to make calculated decisions on how to trade appropriately. A decentralized database of users’ past trade history paired with smart contract verification will give us a significant competitive advantage over other trading networks.”

Waslen goes on to note that the platform rewards users with the company’s native RBLX token on an exponential scale based on how many times they are “accurate” in their predictions. Hedge is targeted for release in Q1 2018.

TradersEdge

Rublix’s next product for helping new traders enter the cryptocurrency market is called TradersEdge. Set to launch in Q3 of 2018, it will feature a suite of tools that offer a similar feel and aesthetic to that of many well-known modern trading platforms. This attention to user experience is seen as a vital cog to building long-term interest and user adoption in the crypto-sphere as many cryptocurrency exchange platforms lack a user friendly interface.

Centurio

Finally, Rublix is building a tool called Centurio which will assist newcomers in getting up to speed with how to use cryptocurrencies for daily transactions and savings. This cross-platform solution, which doubles as a wallet and contract organizer, is targeted for release in early 2018.

Unfriendly platforms, difficulties in finding trusted information and general hesitation are what limit the growth and proliferation of cryptocurrencies. Recognizing this, Rublix is laser focused on bringing a whole new cast of entrants into the marketplace by mitigating a number of common concerns that hinder adoption. Rublix’s goal is to create an environment where embracing the blockchain and owning cryptocurrencies feels second nature.


The post Rublix Is Reimagining Crypto Trading appeared first on Bitcoin Magazine.

Posted on 20 November 2017 | 8:47 am

CRYENGINE now accepts Bitcoin

Posted on 29 March 2017 | 1:24 am

Consulting firm EY Switzerland accepts Bitcoin

Posted on 26 November 2016 | 12:47 am

Bitcoin Trading Bots

There have been a wide variety of situations in which algorithmic trading programs have proven to be beneficial for investors. However, investors who only trade a cryptocurrency can also take advantage of bitcoin trading bots. Through bitcoin bot trading, traders can become more flexible and prompt, minimize errors and process information more rapidly. At this… Read More »

Posted on 8 November 2016 | 6:20 pm

Steam accepts Bitcoin

Posted on 29 April 2016 | 1:09 am

Major Magazine Publisher to Accept Bitcoin Payments

Posted on 18 December 2014 | 12:43 pm

Microsoft accepts Bitcoin

Posted on 11 December 2014 | 5:06 am

Mozilla accepting Bitcoin

Posted on 20 November 2014 | 1:55 pm

PayPal and Virtual Currency

Posted on 23 September 2014 | 9:52 pm

Wikimedia Foundation Now Accepts Bitcoin

Posted on 30 July 2014 | 3:14 pm

German Newspaper "taz" accepts Bitcoin

Posted on 22 July 2014 | 1:32 pm

Expedia to accept Bitcoin payments for hotel bookings

Posted on 12 June 2014 | 12:41 pm

November 23, 2017 -
Real Time Analytics